18 Symbiotic Associations Between Ciliates and Prokaryotes
Genus Caedibacter, Genus Lyticum, and Genus Paraholospora are described in detail in “Generating Characters of Caesium,” a 560-year-old treatise on infectious disease and fungal infection.
Adhesion of Bacteria to Protists
- Environmental Science, Biology
There do not seem to be any major taxa of free-living flagellated protists which are regularly associated with ectobionts, and some habitats seem to favor the establishment of such interactions.
Ultrastructure and molecular phylogenetic position of a novel euglenozoan with extrusive episymbiotic bacteria: Bihospites bacati n. gen. et sp. (Symbiontida)
- BiologyBMC Microbiology
This work characterized the ultrastructure and molecular phylogenetic position of B. bacati, a novel (uncultivated) lineage of heterotrophic euglenozoan that belongs to the Euglenozoa and currently branches as the earliest diverging member of the Symbiontida
Extrusive bacterial ectosymbiosis of ciliates.
- Biology, MedicineProgress in molecular and subcellular biology
Introduction to Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy
This chapter is a modest attempt to present the basic techniques in both transmission and scanning work. The recommendation outlined in this chapter are likely to be considered standard protocol. As…
Epixenosomes, peculiar epibionts of the ciliated protozoonEuplotidium itoi: what kind of organisms are they?
The possible eukaryotic nature of epixenosomes is discussed, as a first step to investigate their real nature, the in situ hybridization technique was applied at the ultrastructural level.
Morphology and Infraciliature of a New Marine Ciliate Euplotidium smalli n. sp. with Description of a New Genus, Paraeuplotidium n. g. (Ciliophora, Euplotida)
- BiologyThe Journal of eukaryotic microbiology
An improved generic diagnosis of Euplotidium is suggested based on morphology and infraciliature characters: marine hypotrichs with a funnel-shaped buccal cavity; with frontoventral and transverse cirri; neither left marginal cirrus nor caudal cirri present.
Epixenosomes: Peculiar Epibionts of the Hypotrich Ciliate Euplotidium Itoi Defend Their Host Against Predators
The hypothesis that epixenosomes play a defensive role against predators was tested by comparing the behavior of Litonotus lamella when preying upon Euplotes crassus, E. itoi without epIXenosomes, and to a certain extent, Euplotidium with epixenesomes whose ejecting capability has been inhibited, and the involvement of the epxenosome's ejecting apparatus in a defensive function was suggested.