Pectoral nerves (PECS) and intercostal nerve block for cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation

Abstract

A 71-year-old man was scheduled to undergo cardiac resynchronization therapy device (CRTD) implantation. He was combined with severe chronic heart failure due to ischemic heart disease. NYHA class was 3 to 4 and electrocardiogram showed non-sustained ventricular. Ejection fraction was about 20% revealed by transthoracic echocardiogram. He was also on… (More)
DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-409

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