Pectoral myology of limb-reduced worm lizards (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) suggests decoupling of the musculoskeletal system during the evolution of body elongation

@article{Westphal2018PectoralMO,
  title={Pectoral myology of limb-reduced worm lizards (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) suggests decoupling of the musculoskeletal system during the evolution of body elongation},
  author={Natascha Westphal and Kristin Mahlow and J. Head and J. M{\"u}ller},
  journal={BMC Evolutionary Biology},
  year={2018},
  volume={19}
}
  • Natascha Westphal, Kristin Mahlow, +1 author J. Müller
  • Published 2018
  • Biology, Medicine
  • BMC Evolutionary Biology
  • BackgroundThe evolution of elongated body forms in tetrapods has a strong influence on the musculoskeletal system, including the reduction of pelvic and pectoral girdles, as well as the limbs. However, despite extensive research in this area it still remains unknown how muscles within and around bony girdles are affected by these reductions. Here we investigate this issue using fossorial amphisbaenian reptiles, or worm lizards, as a model system, which show substantial variation in the degree… CONTINUE READING
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