Development and characterization of anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin-loaded biodegradable microspheres with potential use in intestinal inflammatory disorders.
The formation of microspheres from various pectin hydrogel complexes and corn zein in the presence of calcium and zinc ions has been studied. It is shown that the formation of microspheres and their loading capacity for a drug (piroxicam) depend on the type of biopolymers, their ratio, the sizes of the bivalent ions, and the molecular mass of the pectin. Complex formation between the two biopolymers results predominantly from bivalent metal cross-linking for low-methylated pectins and from hydrophobic interaction for high-methylated pectins. As a result, a series of microspheres have been prepared from biodegradable and biocompatible polymers and may find application as controlled-release drug delivery systems.