Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments

  title={Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments},
  author={Rajeev K. Varshney and Chengcheng Shi and Mahendar Thudi and C Mariac and Jason G Wallace and Peng Qi and He Zhang and Yusheng Zhao and Xiyin Wang and Abhishek Rathore and Rakesh Kumar Srivastava and Annapurna Chitikineni and Guangyi Fan and Prasad Bajaj and Somashekhar M Punnuri and S. K. Gupta and Hao Wang and Yong Jiang and Marie Couderc and Mohan A V S K Katta and Dev R Paudel and Kanulal D Mungra and Wenbin Chen and Karen R. Harris-Shultz and Vanika Garg and Neetin Shivajirao Desai and Dadakhalandar Doddamani and Ndjido Ardo Kane and Joann A. Conner and Arindam Alok Ghatak and Palak Chaturvedi and Sabarinath Subramaniam and Om Parkash Yadav and C{\'e}cile Berthouly-Salazar and Falalou Hamidou and Jianping Wang and Xinming Liang and J{\'e}r{\'e}my Clotault and Hari Deo Upadhyaya and Philippe Cubry and B{\'e}n{\'e}dicte Rhon{\'e} and Mame Codou Gu{\`e}ye and Ramanjulu Sunkar and Christian Dupuy and Francesca Sparvoli and Shifeng Cheng and R S Mahala and Bharat P. Singh and Rattan S Yadav and Eric Lyons and Swapan Kumar Datta and C. Tom Hash and Katrien M. Devos and Edward S. Buckler and Jeffrey Bennetzen and Andrew H. Paterson and Peggy Ozias-Akins and Stefania Grando and Jun Wang and Trilochan Mohapatra and Wolfram Weckwerth and Jochen C. Reif and Xin Liu and Yves Vigouroux and Xun Xu},
  journal={Nature Biotechnology},
Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ∼1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for wax biosynthesis genes, which may contribute to heat and drought tolerance in this crop. We resequenced and analyzed 994 pearl millet lines… CONTINUE READING
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