Peanuts at an angle: detecting and measuring the three-dimensional structure of bars in moderately inclined galaxies

  title={Peanuts at an angle: detecting and measuring the three-dimensional structure of bars in moderately inclined galaxies},
  author={Peter Erwin and Victor P. Debattista},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
We show that direct detection and measurement of the vertically thickened parts of bars (so called ‘boxy’ or ‘peanut- shaped’ bulges) are possible not only for edge-on galaxies but also for galaxies with moderate inclinations (i < 70◦), and that examples are relatively common in the nearby Universe. The analysis of a sample of 78 nearby, moderately inclined (i � 65◦) early-type (S0–Sb) barred galaxies shows that the isophotal signature of the box/peanut can usually be detected for inclinations… 
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