Pavlovianism in China: Politics and differentiation across scientific disciplines in the Maoist era

  title={Pavlovianism in China: Politics and differentiation across scientific disciplines in the Maoist era},
  author={Zhipeng Gao},
  journal={History of Science},
  pages={57 - 85}
  • Zhipeng Gao
  • Published 1 March 2015
  • Psychology
  • History of Science
In the early 1950s, the Chinese communist party promoted a massive Learning-from-the-Soviet-Union Campaign and made Pavlov’s reflexology the political-academic orthodoxy in physiology, medical science and psychology. In the late 1950s, however, while Pavlov’s theory was continuously advocated by physiologists and medical scientists, it suffered a major setback in psychology as Pavlovian psychology was criticized as being bourgeois and reactionary. How was it possible for such sheer contrast… 

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