Pavlovian Conditioning of the Tickle Response of Human Subjects: Temporal and Delay Conditioning

  title={Pavlovian Conditioning of the Tickle Response of Human Subjects: Temporal and Delay Conditioning},
  author={B. Newman and M. O'Grady and C. Ryan and N. S. Hemmes},
  journal={Perceptual and Motor Skills},
  pages={779 - 785}
Previous studies of the human response to a tickle have demonstrated that subjects will respond to a gesture that signals the onset of a tickle in the same way as to a tickle. Researchers have described this anticipatory response as an “expectation.” In the current study, we investigated, from the Pavlovian framework, the response to a verbal stimulus preceding the tickle stimulus. We exposed subjects to experimental phases which included the Neutral Stimulus Alone, 100% Pairing of the Neutral… Expand
9 Citations
Neural correlates of ticklishness in the rat somatosensory cortex
It is confirmed that tickling of rats evoked vocalizations, approach, and unsolicited jumps (Freudensprünge), and evidence is provided for deep-layer trunk cortex activity as a neural correlate of ticklishness. Expand
Can a machine tickle?
Supporting the reflex view, subjects smiled, laughed, and wiggled just as often in response to the machine as to the experimenter, and self-reports of ticklishness were virtually identical in the two conditions. Expand
Scientists are trying to find out why people laugh when they are tickled. The intriguing nature of tickling is made more complex by the fact that people almost always break into laughter when tickledExpand
Facial expressions, smile types, and self-report during humour, tickle, and pain
The nature of ticklish smiling and the possible emotional state that accompanies it have been pondered since the ancient Greeks. The present study is arguably the first to systematically examineExpand
Humour, Tickle, and the Darwin-Hecker Hypothesis
Darwin (1872) and Hecker (1873) suggested that laughter induced by tickle and by humour share common underlying mechanisms. Seventy-two undergraduate students participated in a study designed toExpand
Laughing Rats? Playful Tickling Arouses High-Frequency Ultrasonic Chirping in Young Rodents
In humans, laughter and giggling are objective indicators of joyful positive affect, and they occur most abundantly during playful social interactions. An understanding of such positive emotions hasExpand
Running head: HUMOR, TICKLE, AND PAIN Facial Expressions, Smile Types, and Self-report during Humor, Tickle, and Pain: An Examination of Socrates’ Hypothesis
The nature of ticklish smiling and the possible emotional state that accompanies it have been pondered since the ancient Greeks. Socrates proposed that tickle induced pleasure and pain. Others,Expand
You should know, you're a medic: Why can't you tickle yourself?
Marion Simpson delves into a longstanding mystery


Effects of Attention and Expectation on Tickle Sensation
  • T. Hoshikawa
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1991
Results suggested the importance of instructions and quantitative and qualitative differences in subjects' tickle sensation may be identified. Expand
Pavlovian conditioning. It's not what you think it is.
The changes that have occurred in Pavlovian conditioning are reviewed to give the flavor of its contemporary form, and it is argued that conditioning continues to have a central place in psychology generally. Expand
Why Can't We Tickle Ourselves?
  • G. Claxton
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1975
To study perceived ‘tickle-strength’, a group of Ss was divided into same sex and different sex subject-experimenter pairs and the results showed significant effects of predictability and sensorimotor feedback. Expand
Tickle Perception as Micro-Experience of Pleasure: Its Phenomenology on Different Areas of the Body and Relation to Cerebral Dominance
Analysis indicated a significant difference between two halves of the body for latency and not for duration of tickle three groups of dominance: right, left, and nondominant subjects. Expand
Relations between tickling and humorous laughter: Preliminary support for the Darwin-Hecker hypothesis
Findings lend preliminary support for the Darwin-Hecker conjecture that reflexes underlying ticklishness mediate humor and speculate on possible relations among tickling and humor. Expand
Body Perception in Relation to Muscular Tone at Rest and Tactile Sensitivity to Tickle
Two aspects of body image, muscle tone at test, and disposition to perceive positively connoted stimuli (tickle) were studied and a direct relationship between body perception and body acceptance emerged. Expand
Effects of Body Image on Tactile Sensitivity to a Tickle: A Study of Pregnancy
Pregnancy leads to modifications in sensitivity to tickle, specifically with regard to the right half of the body and to some extent in body schema, which are hypothesized to occur during pregnancy. Expand
Reaction to Cutaneous (Tickle) and Sexual Pleasure by Normal and Dermapathic Subjects
The dermapathic patients have an inhibitory attitude towards tactile perception of tickling and high anxiety during the sexual sequence and show positive association of anxiety and pleasure unlike the control group for whom the correlation between the two emotions is negative. Expand
Body perception in relation
  • 1983