Pavlov as a psychologist

  title={Pavlov as a psychologist},
  author={George Windholz},
  journal={The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science},
  • G. Windholz
  • Published 1 July 1987
  • Psychology
  • The Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science
American psychologists are informed on Pavlov’s work on conditional reflexes but not on the full development of his theory of higher nervous activity. This article shows that Pavlov’s theory of higher nervous activity dealt with concepts that concerned contemporary psychologists. Pavlov used the conditioning of the salivary reflex for methodological purposes. Pavlov’s theory of higher nervous activity encompassed overt behavior, neural processes, and the conscious experience. The strong… 

The second signal system as conceived by Pavlov and his disciples

  • G. Windholz
  • Psychology
    The Pavlovian journal of biological science
  • 1990
Pavlov clearly formulated his ideas on thesecond signal system (specifically, language) in the 1930s and his conceptualization of language may not have been original, nor did it contribute significantly to modern linguistics, but it had far-reaching political implications for Soviet psychology in the immediate post-World War II period.

Acupuncture for Preconditioning of Expectancy And/Or Pavlovian Extinction

  • T. LundebergI. Lund
  • Psychology, Biology
    Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
  • 2008
The clinical data suggest that acupuncture may precondition expectancy and conditional reflexes as well as induce Pavlovian ‘extinction’ and it is suggested that acupuncture should be tried (as an adjunct) before any ‘specific’ therapy.

Mental health issues in survivors of sex trafficking

Abstract There are more than three million trafficked women, many of who are children. This population has been largely forgotten because the victims are geographically transitory and exist within an

A Comparative Study of the Dentition and Temporomandibular Joint Anatomy and Histology Adult Dogs

Morphologically and numerically dog's teeth are different from humans, and the articular structure of dogs is, on the whole, similar to that of humans.

Understanding the Modalities of Complementary and Alternative Asthma Treatments: What Every Health Educator Needs To Know

Alternative Asthma Treatments: What Every Health Educator Needs To Know Karen M. Perrin, Ph.D., M.P.H, R.N., C.H.E.S.; Karen S. Dindial, B.S. Professor, Public Health, University of South Florida; 2

Pavlov and His Neurological Investigations of the Viscera

  • W. Paré
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1990
In order to understand this pioneering effort, one must recreate the conditions of the times and try to discern the forces that moved Pavlov along his creative journey.



Pavlov and the concept of association

In explaining the formation of the conditional reflex (CR), Pavlov rejected the Wundtian, anthropomorphic conceptualization of CR as suggested by A. T. Snarskii and experimentally investigated the formation in the cortex of neural connections, which were equated with associations.

Pavlov vs. Köhler. Pavlov's little-known primate research.

  • G. Windholz
  • Psychology
    The Pavlovian journal of biological science
  • 1984
According to Pavlov insight is achieved progressively--as the result of the organism's problem-solving behavior--contradicting Köhler's thesis of a sudden subjective reorganization of the environmental situation.

A comparative analysis of the conditional reflex discoveries of pavlov and Twitmyer, and the birth of a paradigm

  • G. Windholz
  • Psychology
    The Pavlovian journal of biological science
  • 1986
Research on conditional reflex (CR) in Pavlov’s Physiological Laboratory has preceded Twitmyer’s work on conditioning at the University of Pennsylvania by 3 or 4 years. The events in Pavlov’s

The reply of a physiologist to psychologists.

The article by Edwin R. Guthrie, ' Conditioning as a principle of learning,' provides, it seems to me, special interest from its cardinal tendency, altogether justified to my mind, of ascribing

Notes from "Pavlov's Wednesdays": Gestalt relationships as conditioned stimuli.

  • H. Kimmel
  • Psychology, Biology
    The American journal of psychology
  • 1976
When A.O. Dolin's dog Ger was trained to differentiate between metronomic frequencies of 60 (positive) and 120 (negative) per minute, its conditioned salivary reaction to the positive stimulus was

Pavlov and the demise of the influence of Gestalt psychology in the Soviet Union

SummaryThe demise of the influence of the classical Gestalt psychology in the Soviet Union has been linked to I.P. Pavlov's negative stance toward Gestalt tenets. Actually, Pavlov's attitude toward

Notes from "Pavlov's Wednesdays": Pavlov's law of effect.

: Pavlov's Wednesday seminars indicate that he adopted homeostatic balance as a law of effect in order to deal with Konorski's experiments on omission and avoidance training; he did not, as is often

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Georgy Chelpanov and the establishment of the Moscow Institute of Psychology.

  • A. Kozulin
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 1985
Changing attitudes toward Chelpanov and his legacy may be used as an informative indicator of the development of later Soviet psychological doctrine.