Patterns of waterpipe use and dependence: implications for intervention development.

@article{Maziak2005PatternsOW,
  title={Patterns of waterpipe use and dependence: implications for intervention development.},
  author={Wasim Maziak and Thomas E Eissenberg and Kenneth D. Ward},
  journal={Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior},
  year={2005},
  volume={80 1},
  pages={173-9}
}
Despite the dramatic increase of tobacco smoking via waterpipe in Arab societies, and the apparent potential of waterpipe use to produce tobacco-related disease, little is known about the pharmacological effects of this method of tobacco smoking, particularly its ability to support dependence. This review focuses on recent waterpipe research and current theories of dependence in an attempt to identify patterns of waterpipe use and features likely to reveal dependence. Recent work indicates that… CONTINUE READING