Patterns of symptoms following surgery for esophageal cancer.


PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE To explore patterns of symptoms before and after surgery for cancer of the esophagus. DESIGN Longitudinal, descriptive study. SETTING An urban comprehensive cancer center in the northeastern United States. SAMPLE 218 patients with cancer of the esophagus undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS Symptoms were assessed by self-report before… (More)
DOI: 10.1188/13.ONF.E101-E107


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