Patterns of symptom recognition, interpretation, and response in heart failure patients: an integrative review.

@article{Lam2013PatternsOS,
  title={Patterns of symptom recognition, interpretation, and response in heart failure patients: an integrative review.},
  author={Christina Lam and Suzanne C. Smeltzer},
  journal={The Journal of cardiovascular nursing},
  year={2013},
  volume={28 4},
  pages={
          348-59
        }
}
  • C. LamS. Smeltzer
  • Published 1 July 2013
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • The Journal of cardiovascular nursing
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) is a chronic illness affecting more than 5 million Americans, and it continues to lead healthcare-related expenditures in the United States. Hospitalization rates remain high and are caused by many factors, including poor self-care behaviors. Self-care research is growing, and a situation-specific theory for the HF population is now published. Self-care management, which is part of self-care, includes a series of responses and actions that the individual living… 

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