Patterns of male‐specific inter‐population divergence in Europe, West Asia and North Africa

@article{Malaspina2000PatternsOM,
  title={Patterns of male‐specific inter‐population divergence in Europe, West Asia and North Africa},
  author={Patrizia Malaspina and Fulvio Cruciani and Piero Santolamazza and Antonio Torroni and Alessandra Pangrazio and Nejat Akar and V Bakalli and Radim Brdi{\vc}ka and Jadwiga Jaruzelska and Andrey I. Kozlov and Boris A. Malyarchuk and Syed Qasim Mehdi and E. N. Michalodimitrakis and Laurent Varesi and Meriam Memmi and Giuseppe Vona and Richard Villems and Jüri Parik and Val{\'e}ria Romano and Mihaela Stefan and Michele Stenico and Luciano Terrenato and Andrea Novelletto and Rosaria Scozzari},
  journal={Annals of Human Genetics},
  year={2000},
  volume={64}
}
We typed 1801 males from 55 locations for the Y‐specific binary markers YAP, DYZ3, SRY10831 and the (CA)n microsatellites YCAII and DYS413. Phylogenetic relationships of chromosomes with the same binary haplotype were condensed in seven large one‐step networks, which accounted for 95% of all chromosomes. Their coalescence ages were estimated based on microsatellite diversity. The three largest and oldest networks undergo sharp frequency changes in three areas. The more recent network 3.1A… 

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A multistep process for the dispersal of a Y chromosomal lineage in the Mediterranean area

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The present study shows that the dissection of mtDNA variation into small and well-defined evolutionary units is an essential step in the identification of spatial frequency patterns, and promises to be an efficient strategy for inferring features of human prehistory.

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Armenian Y chromosome haplotypes reveal strong regional structure within a single ethno-national group

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    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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Findings from "Wombling" support a model of genetic differentiation in Europe in which the genetic structure of the population is determined mainly by gene flow and admixture, rather than by adaptation to varying environmental conditions.
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