Patterns of late gadolinium enhancement in Duchenne muscular dystrophy carriers

Abstract

BACKGROUND This study was designed to assess whether cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in Duchenne muscular dystrophy carriers (DMDc) may index any cell milieu elements of LV dysfunction and whether this cardiac phenotype may be related to genotype. The null hypothesis was that myocardial fibrosis, assessed by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), might be similarly accounted for in DMDc and gender and age-matched controls. METHODS Thirty DMDc patients had CMR and genotyping with 37 gender and age-matched controls. Systolic and diastolic LV function was assessed by 2D-echocardiography. RESULTS Absolute and percent LGE were higher in muscular symptomatic (sym) than asymptomatic (asy) DMDc (1.77 ± 0.27 vs 0.76 ± 0.17 ml; F = 19.6, p < 0.0001 and 1.86 ± 0.26% vs 0.68 ± 0.17%, F = 22.1, p < 0.0001, respectively). There was no correlation between LGE and age. LGE was seen most frequently in segments 5 and 6; segment 5 was involved in all asy-DMDc. Subepicardial LGE predominated, compared to the mid-myocardial one (11 out of 14 DMDc). LGE was absent in the subendocardium. No correlations were seen between genotyping (type of mutation, gene region and protein domain), confined to the exon's study, and cardiac phenotype. CONCLUSIONS A typical myocardial LGE-pattern location (LV segments 5 and 6) was a common finding in DMDc. LGE was more frequently subepicardial plus midmyocardial in sym-DMDc, with normal LV systolic and diastolic function. No genotype-phenothype correlation was found.

DOI: 10.1186/1532-429X-16-45

Extracted Key Phrases

5 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Giglio2014PatternsOL, title={Patterns of late gadolinium enhancement in Duchenne muscular dystrophy carriers}, author={Vincenzo Giglio and Paolo Emilio Puddu and Giovanni Salvatore Camastra and Stefano Sbarbati and Sabino Walter Della Sala and Alessandra Ferlini and Francesca Gualandi and Enzo Ricci and Federico Sciarra and Gerardo Ansalone and Marco Di Gennaro}, booktitle={Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance}, year={2014} }