Patterns in helminth communities in freshwater fish in Great Britain: alternative strategies for colonization.

@article{Esch1988PatternsIH,
  title={Patterns in helminth communities in freshwater fish in Great Britain: alternative strategies for colonization.},
  author={Gerald W. Esch and Clive Russell Kennedy and Albert O. Bush and Johnathon M Aho},
  journal={Parasitology},
  year={1988},
  volume={96 ( Pt 3)},
  pages={
          519-32
        }
}
Examples of the apparently stochastic nature of freshwater fish helminth communities illustrating the erratic and unpredictable occurrence and distribution of many species are provided for six species of fish from several localities throughout Britain. By focussing on parasite colonization strategies two categories of helminths are recognized: autogenic species which mature in fish and allogenic species which mature in vertebrates other than fish and have a greater colonization potential and… Expand
Host specificity and the structure of helminth parasite communities of fishes in a Neotropical river in Mexico
TLDR
The findings give empirical support to the idea that low levels of sharing of parasites favor animal coexistence and high species richness, because large phylogenetic differences allow potentially competing animals to consume the same resources without being sensitive of another’s parasites. Expand
Community structure of helminth parasites in whitefish from the Caribou Mountains, Alberta
Spatial patterns in parasite communities of freshwater fish are often characterized as low in diversity and unpredictable. Whether or not this view is a true reflection of community patterns isExpand
The communities of helminth parasites of Heterandria bimaculata (Teleostei: Poeciliidae) from the upper Río La Antigua basin, east-central Mexico show a predictable structure
TLDR
It is speculated that the processes shaping the development of these component communities include stable, predictable habitats through time, allowing for a slow gradual dispersion process limited by host and parasite species capabilities. Expand
Patterns in the composition and richness of helminth communities in brown trout, Salmo trutta, in a group of reservoirs
TLDR
It is indicated that local factors promoting distinctiveness have a greater influence on the composition and richness of fish helminth communities in lakes and reservoirs than do regional factors promoting similarity. Expand
The importance of fish stocking in the dissemination of parasites throughout a group of reservoirs
TLDR
It is concluded that anthropochore transfers of trout between reservoirs have been of little or no significance in the dispersal of parasites throughout the reservoirs or in the transfer of helminths from one reservoir to another. Expand
Diversity of helminth parasites of freshwater fish in the headwaters of the Coatzacoalcos River, in Oaxaca, Mexico
TLDR
It is argued that, in contrast to the presence of larval helminths, which mostly depends on the geographical location of water bodies, adult Helminths are an integral and consistent component of the regional community. Expand
Metapopulation and community dynamics of helminth parasites of eels Anguilla anguilla in the River Exe system
TLDR
It was concluded that metapopulation theory did not provide a very satisfactory explanation for the changes in the helminth communities in eels and reasons for this included the inherent difficulty of applying metapoulation theory to parasites and the fact that the helmineth communities of eels in the River Exe were atypical in being dominated by eel specialists. Expand
Richness and diversity of macroparasite communities in tropical eels Anguilla reinhardtii in Queensland, Australia
TLDR
Comparisons with those from A. anguilla in the UK revealed that regional species richness was higher in Queensland and that helminth communities harboured a suite of common species, virtually all eel specialists, that were responsible for the observed higher levels of similarity between component communities. Expand
Regional versus local helminth parasite richness in British freshwater fish: saturated or unsaturated parasite communities?
TLDR
Local patterns in helminth community richness, in contrast to those in fish assemblages, are not significantly influenced by patterns on a larger, regional spatial scale and so regional species richness is not a key determinant of local species richness, nor does a knowledge of regional patterns improve predictability of local patterns. Expand
The ecology of parasites of freshwater fishes: the search for patterns
TLDR
There is no convincing evidence that fish parasite populations are stable and regulated since in all cases alternative explanations are equally acceptable and it appears that they are non-equilibrial systems, rather than structured and organized. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Communities of parasites of freshwater fish of Jersey, Channel Islands
TLDR
Comparison of the parasite communities on the island of Jersey with those on other oceanic islands suggests that they are poorer than would be predicted by island biogeographical theory, and that this is not a very good predictor of parasite community richness on oceanic Islands. Expand
Communities of metazoan parasites in open water fishes of Cold Lake, Alberta
TLDR
Parasites of the numerically dominant salmonid fishes dominated the overall community, with over half of the individual parasites being Metechinorhynchus salmonis; exchange of parasites between host species was greatest between related and/or abundant host species. Expand
The suprapopulation dynamics of Bothriocephalus acheilognathi in a North Carolina reservoir: abundance, dispersion, and prevalence.
TLDR
It appears that both biotic and abiotic components of the host community determined the suprapopulation dynamics of B. acheilognathi in Belews Lake. Expand
An analysis of the metazoan parasitocoenoses of brown trout Salmo trutta from British Lakes
TLDR
The parasites of brown trout have been, and still are, capable of rapid and widespread dissemination throughout mainland Britain, and their occurrence in any lake is a result of the combination of a number of local factors. Expand
The parasite fauna of resident char Salvelinus alpinus from Arctic islands, with special reference to Bear Island
TLDR
It is concluded that the parasite fauna of char on offshore Arctic islands does not agree well with the predictions of island biogeographical theory. Expand
Studies on the biology of Eubothrium salvelini and E. crassum in resident and migratory Salvelinus alpinus and Salmo trutta and in S. salar in North Norway and the islands of Spitsbergen and Jan Mayen
TLDR
The presence of plerocerciform and gravid adult E. crassum in salmon caught at sea confirms the existence of a marine life cycle and a marine race in this species, clarifying much of the confusion surrounding the biology of this species. Expand
Patterns in helminth communities: why are birds and fish different?
TLDR
Examining helminth diversity in a series of hosts concludes that there are fundamental differences between the communities of helminths in fish and bird hosts and provides explanations for the observed differences. Expand
Long‐term stability in the population levels of the eyefluke Tylodelphys podicipina (Digenea: Diplostomatidae) in perch
TLDR
Study of changes in the population size of the metacercariae of Tylodelphys podicipina in the eyes of perch in a small eutrophic lake found infection levels in perch to be determined by the dimensions of the transmission’ window’ and subsequently modified by parasite mortality. Expand
Distribution of ligulid tapeworms in China.
TLDR
Of the 25,800 fishes of 219 species that were dissected, fishes of 43 species were found to serve as second intermediate hosts and ligulid tapeworms inflict heavy losses on freshwater commercial fisheries. Expand
Invasion of vertebrate lungs by the polystomatid monogeneans Pseudodiplorchis americanus and Neodiplorchis scaphiopodis
Some unique features of monogenean biology have emerged from studies on 2 polystomatids which infect spadefoot toads in Arizona, USA: Pseudodiplorchis americanus in Scaphiopus couchii andExpand
...
1
2
3
...