Pattern Avoidance in Alternating Sign Matrices

We generalize the definition of a pattern from permutations to alternating sign matrices. The number of alternating sign matrices avoiding 132 is proved to be counted by the large Schröder numbers, 1, 2, 6, 22, 90, 394 . . .. We give a bijection between 132-avoiding alternating sign matrices and Schröder-paths, which gives a refined enumeration. We also… CONTINUE READING