Patriotism, nationalism, and national identity in music education: ‘O Canada,’ how well do we know thee?

  title={Patriotism, nationalism, and national identity in music education: ‘O Canada,’ how well do we know thee?},
  author={M. C. Kennedy and S. Guerrini},
  journal={International Journal of Music Education},
  pages={78 - 90}
The purpose of the study was to determine Canadian secondary school choral students’ skill in singing the national anthem. The sample (N = 275) consisted of students from 12 schools, representing six provinces in Canada. Students were audio taped singing ‘O Canada’ in English, French, or in a combination of both languages and subsequently completed a questionnaire. Results indicated that few students could sing the national anthem perfectly. Although students were significantly more accurate in… Expand

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