Patient-controlled versus nurse-controlled pain treatment after coronary artery bypass surgery.


BACKGROUND Pain after coronary artery bypass surgery persists for several days. A continuous intravenous infusion of an opioid adequately accomplishes good pain control in the intensive care unit, but it is often not suitable on the ordinary ward. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with intermittent injections delivered by one of the new devices now… (More)


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