Patient characteristics and risk factors for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis following gadolinium exposure.

@article{Grobner2008PatientCA,
  title={Patient characteristics and risk factors for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis following gadolinium exposure.},
  author={Thomas Grobner and Friedrich C. Prischl},
  journal={Seminars in dialysis},
  year={2008},
  volume={21 2},
  pages={135-9}
}
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a systemic illness, which only affects patients with kidney failure. NSF risk increases with progressively lower levels of kidney function. It is characterized by red skin areas or plaques that develop over several weeks to painful thickened skin with a "woody" texture, resembling "peau d'orange." It may ultimately… CONTINUE READING