Dorsal and ventral pathways in language development
- Biology, PsychologyBrain and Language
Dynamic Processing in the Human Language System: Synergy between the Arcuate Fascicle and Extreme Capsule
- Biology, PsychologyThe Journal of Neuroscience
Chronic stroke patients completed a battery of 10 language tests designed to measure performance on the comprehension and production of phonology, morphology, semantics, and syntax, and ROI analyses of the arcuate fascicle and extreme capsule supported this finding.
Maturation of the Language Network: From Inter- to Intrahemispheric Connectivities
- Psychology, BiologyPloS one
A novel method is applied to demonstrate that the basic neural basis of language, as revealed by low frequency fluctuation stemming from functional MRI data, differs between six-year-old children and adults in crucial aspects.
New insights into the neurobiology of language from functional brain imaging
- Biology, Psychology
The Broca-Wernicke-Geschwind model, a modular system segregated from other functional systems in the nervous system, is represented by the iconic diagram of a white matter pathway connecting the posterior superior temporal region involved in receptive language to the posterior part of the inferior frontal gyrus involved in expressive language.
Functional organization of the neural language system: dorsal and ventral pathways are critical for syntax.
- BiologyCerebral cortex
The results demonstrate the causal role in syntactic analysis of these 2 major left hemisphere fiber bundles--challenging existing views about their role in language functions and providing a new basis for future research in this key area of human cognition.
The Neural Architecture of the Language Comprehension Network: Converging Evidence from Lesion and Connectivity Analyses
- Biology, PsychologyFront. Syst. Neurosci.
The left MTG showed a particularly extensive structural and functional connectivity pattern which is consistent with the severity of the impairments associated with MTG lesions and which suggests a central role for this region in language comprehension.
The cortical language circuit: from auditory perception to sentence comprehension
- Biology, PsychologyTrends in Cognitive Sciences
The brain basis of language processing: from structure to function.
- Biology, PsychologyPhysiological reviews
Networks involving the temporal cortex and the inferior frontal cortex with a clear left lateralization were shown to support syntactic processes, whereas less lateralized temporo-frontal networks subserve semantic processes.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 81 REFERENCES
The brain differentiates human and non-human grammars: Functional localization and structural connectivity
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
It is shown that the processing of local transitions is subserved by the left frontal operculum, a region that is phylogenetically older than Broca’s area, which specifically holds responsible the computation of hierarchical dependencies.
Functional Neural Networks of Semantic and Syntactic Processes in the Developing Brain
- PsychologyJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
The language networks for semantic and syntactic processes are not yet specialized similarly to adults in the developing brain, as investigated in 5- to 6-year-old children and in adults using functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Ventral and dorsal pathways for language
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The function of the dorsal route, traditionally considered to be the major language pathway, is mainly restricted to sensory-motor mapping ofsound to articulation, whereas linguistic processing of sound to meaning requires temporofrontal interaction transmitted via the ventral route.
Dissociating the Human Language Pathways with High Angular Resolution Diffusion Fiber Tractography
- BiologyThe Journal of Neuroscience
The anatomical connectivity of ventrolateral frontal areas 44 and 45, which in the human brain constitute Broca's region, has been revisited on the basis of experimental anatomical tracer evidence in…
Lateralization of ventral and dorsal auditory-language pathways in the human brain
- Biology, PsychologyNeuroImage
The anatomy of language: contributions from functional neuroimaging
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of anatomy
From functional imaging results, a new anatomically constrained model of word processing is proposed which reconciles the anatomical ambitions of the 19th Century neurologists and the cognitive finesse of the 20th Century cognitive models.
Hemispheric asymmetries in language-related pathways: A combined functional MRI and tractography study
- Psychology, BiologyNeuroImage
DTI tractography of the human brain's language pathways.
- Psychology, BiologyCerebral cortex
The findings of DTI tractography are combined with a recent model of brain language processing to explain 6 aphasia syndromes.
Multimodal architectonic mapping of human superior temporal gyrus
- BiologyAnatomy and Embryology
The cytoarchitectonically defined borders of Te3 coincide with abrupt changes in the receptorarchitecture of several classical neurotransmitters, suggesting that Te3 represents a functionally relevant area of the human superior temporal gyrus.