Pathways to Poly-Victimization

@article{Finkelhor2009PathwaysTP,
  title={Pathways to Poly-Victimization},
  author={David Finkelhor and Richard K. Ormrod and Heather A. Turner and Melissa K. Holt},
  journal={Child Maltreatment},
  year={2009},
  volume={14},
  pages={316 - 329}
}
Some children, whom we have labeled poly-victims, experience very high levels of victimizations of different types. This article finds support for a conceptual model suggesting that there may be four distinct pathways to becoming such a poly-victim: (a) residing in a dangerous community, (b) living in a dangerous family, (c) having a chaotic, multiproblem family environment, or (d) having emotional problems that increase risk behavior, engender antagonism, and compromise the capacity to protect… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth.

Poly-Victimization and Peer Harassment Involvement in a Technological World

TLDR
There is an opportunity to interrupt additional victimization by understanding how poly-victimized youth interact with peers before and during adolescence, and the differences in technology use by poly- victims versus others suggest that more information is needed to understand how they are relating to peers in both positive and risky ways in this environment.

Violent Poly‐Victimization: The Longitudinal Patterns of Physical and Emotional Victimization Throughout Adolescence (11–17 Years)

TLDR
Three classes, or separate groups, of youths with distinct patterns of victimization from age 11 to 17 are identified-a non-parental and a long-term parental victimization group, and the largest class represented young people who were least likely to be victimized in any way and at any time.

Poly-Victimization in Polish Adolescents: Risk Factors and the Moderating Role of Coping

TLDR
Results highlight the high rate of victimization experienced by adolescents in Poland and have implications for the identification of those at risk of poly-victimization, suggesting that there is a need to consider factors related to the adolescent themselves, their relationships with family and peers, and school and community factors.

The Importance of Proximity, Target Congruence, and Guardianship of Korean Youth Victims: Applying Latent Class Analysis to Identify Subtypes of Poly-Victimization

Poly-victimization, or exposure to multiple types of victimization, is particularly common among children and adolescents. This study uses Lifestyle-Routine Activity Theory and Target Congruence

Network Analysis of PTSD Symptoms in a Sample of Polyvictimized Youth

TLDR
Findings suggest that dissociation and self-blame may be central to polyvictimized youth and that Dissociation may represent an important prevention target for anxiety.

Poly-Victimization and Its Relationship With Emotional and Social Adjustment in Adolescence: Evidence From a National Survey in Switzerland

Objective: The present study investigates, for the first time in a wealthy country of Central Europe, the prevalence of poly-victimization (exposure to multiple forms of victimization within the past

The Prevalence of Potentially Victimizing Events, Poly-Victimization, and Its Association to Sociodemographic Factors

TLDR
The vast majority of young people have been victimized during their lifetime, and adolescents living with both parents were at lower risk of any form of victimization for both genders, while females were at higher risk of maltreatment, peer victimization, and, most significantly, sexual victimization.

The Role of Social Capital in the Onset of Victimization against Children

Violence against children is a severe threat to children’s development and wellbeing. Once children are victimized, they are more likely to be at risk of further victimization. Therefore, a
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES

Re-victimization patterns in a national longitudinal sample of children and youth.

Polyvictimization and trauma in a national longitudinal cohort

TLDR
Polyvictimization in the most recent year was highly predictive of trauma symptoms at the end of the year, controlling for prior victimization and prior mental health status.

The early socialization of aggressive victims of bullying.

TLDR
This study reports the first prospective investigation of the early family experiences of boys who later emerged as both aggressive and bullied (i.e., aggressive victims) during their middle childhood years, finding that the aggressive victim group had experienced more punitive, hostile, and abusive family treatment than the other groups.

The role of exposure to community violence and developmental problems among inner-city youth

TLDR
Exposure to community violence was related to increases in aggressive behavior and depression over a 1-year period even after controlling for previous status.

The Victimization of Children and Youth: A Comprehensive, National Survey

This study examined a large spectrum of violence, crime, and victimization experiences in a nationally representative sample of children and youth ages 2 to 17 years. More than one half (530 per

Family Variables Associated with Peer Victimization: Does Family Violence Enhance the Probability of Being Victimized by Peers?

This study was designed to examine the effects of family experiences (family violence, family conflict, parental affection and support) on peer victimization and to explore whether linkages between

Child witnesses to domestic violence: a meta-analytic review.

TLDR
This meta-analysis examined 118 studies of the psychosocial outcomes of children exposed to interparental violence and found similar effects were found across a range of outcomes, with slight evidence for greater risk among preschoolers.
...