Pathways of Water and Sediment in the Biesbosch Freshwater Tidal Wetland

  title={Pathways of Water and Sediment in the Biesbosch Freshwater Tidal Wetland},
  author={Eveline C. van der Deijl and Marcel van der Perk and Hans Middelkoop},
Diversion of water and sediment into drowning delta wetlands aims at renewed sediment accumulation for ecosystem regeneration and compensation of sea-level rise and soil subsidence. The success of such measures requires sound understanding of flow pathways and deposition patterns within wetlands and their feeding channels. This study aimed to (1) identify such pathways in a tidal freshwater wetland in the Netherlands, (2) determine the relative contribution of the two feeding rivers (Rhine and… Expand
Resilience of River Deltas in the Anthropocene
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Factors controlling sediment trapping in two freshwater tidal wetlands in the Biesbosch area, The Netherlands
PurposeA thorough understanding of mechanisms controlling sedimentation and erosion is vital for a proper assessment of the effectiveness of delta restoration. Only few field-based studies have beenExpand
Establishing a sediment budget in the newly created “Kleine Noordwaard” wetland area in the Rhine–Meuse delta
Abstract. Many deltas are threatened by accelerated soil subsidence, sea-level rise, increasing river discharge, and sediment starvation. Effective delta restoration and effective river managementExpand
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Abstract Sediment deposition is one of the key mechanisms to counteract the impact of sea level rise in tidal freshwater wetlands (TFWs). However, information about sediment deposition rates in TFWsExpand
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Contemporary deposition (artificial marker horizon, 3.5 years) and long-term accumulation rates (210Pb profiles, ~150 years) of sediment and associated carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P)Expand
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Sedimentation on the surface of tidal marshes is a process that is controlled by the interactions of a complex set of variables. To adequately describe the patterns of sediment transport andExpand
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The need to understand the processes contributing to marsh sedimentation has become more urgent with the recent recognition of the role of tidal marshes as sea defences, as well as the manyExpand
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Two 1-ha riverine wetlands at the Olentangy Wetland Research Park in Columbus, Ohio, USA were constructed in 1993 with a nearly identical geomorphology and have maintained an identical hydrologyExpand
The influence of vegetation on sedimentation and resuspension of soil particles in small constructed wetlands.
  • B. Braskerud
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Journal of environmental quality
  • 2001
Results show that macrophytes stimulate sediment retention by mitigating resuspension of CW sediment by reducing short-circuit or preferential flow, and as vegetation cover increases, the influence of Macrophytes on soil particle retention reaches a level where other factors are more important. Expand
Sedimentation in created freshwater riverine wetlands: 15 years of succession and contrast of methods
Abstract This study summarizes five separate sedimentation studies spanning 15 years (years 3–17 following wetland creation in 1994) of two 1 ha experimental flow-through wetlands. Included areExpand
Formation and evolution of a tidal channel network within a constructed tidal marsh
Abstract The morphogenesis of tidal channel networks that dissect intertidal flats and marshes has been studied especially by morphodynamic modeling, while relatively few empirical data exist onExpand