Pathophysiology of renal anemia.


Normochromic normocytic anemia regularly develops in chronic renal failure when the glomerular filtration rate drops below 20-30 ml/min. The reasons include: 1) a moderately reduced red cell life span, 2) blood loss, and 3) an inadequate increase in erythropoiesis relative to the fall in hemoglobin (Hb). The life-span of red blood cells may be shortened by… (More)


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