Pathophysiology of dyspnea evaluated by breath-holding test: studies of furosemide treatment.

@article{Nishino2009PathophysiologyOD,
  title={Pathophysiology of dyspnea evaluated by breath-holding test: studies of furosemide treatment.},
  author={Takashi Nishino},
  journal={Respiratory physiology & neurobiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={167 1},
  pages={20-5}
}
Breath-holding is one of the most powerful methods to induce the dyspneic sensation, and the breath-holding test gives us much information on the onset and endurance of dyspnea. In conscious subjects, immediately after the start of breath-holding at functional residual capacity (FRC), there is a certain period of no particular respiratory sensation lasting for 20-30s, which is designated "no respiratory sensation period". This period is terminated by the onset of dyspnea and followed by a… CONTINUE READING