Pathophysiological relationships between heart failure and depression and anxiety.

  title={Pathophysiological relationships between heart failure and depression and anxiety.},
  author={Deborah Wince Chapa and Bimbola Fola Akintade and Heesook Son and Patricia C Woltz and D. Hunt and Erika Friedmann and Mary Kay Hartung and Sue Ann Thomas},
  journal={Critical care nurse},
  volume={34 2},
  pages={14-24; quiz 25}
Depression and anxiety are common comorbid conditions in patients with heart failure. Patients with heart failure and depression have increased mortality. The association of anxiety with increased mortality in patients with heart failure is not established. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the similarities of the underlying pathophysiology of heart failure, depression, and anxiety by using the Biopsychosocial Holistic Model of Cardiovascular Health. Depression and anxiety affect… CONTINUE READING
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