Pathology of domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus).

  title={Pathology of domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus).},
  author={Paul Silvagni and Linda J. Lowenstine and Terry R Spraker and Thomas P Lipscomb and Frances M. D. Gulland},
  journal={Veterinary pathology},
  volume={42 2},
Over 100 free-ranging adult California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and one Northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), predominantly adult females, were intoxicated by domoic acid (DA) during three harmful algal blooms between 1998 and 2000 in central and northern California coastal waters. The vector prey item was Northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax) and the primary DA-producing algal diatom was Psuedonitzschia australis. Postmortem examination revealed gross and histologic findings that… CONTINUE READING


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Tissue distribution and neurotoxic effects of domoic acid in a prominent vector species, the northern anchovy Engraulis mordax

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