Pathological fractures in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease

  title={Pathological fractures in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease},
  author={Sze Choong Wong and Anthony Catto-Smith and Margaret Zacharin},
  journal={European Journal of Pediatrics},
Paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially Crohn’s disease (CD), is commonly associated with poor skeletal health, related to the direct effects of chronic inflammation, prolonged use of glucocorticoid (GC), poor nutrition, delayed puberty and low muscle mass. Low bone mineral density is commonly reported, although the prevalence of long bone fractures may not be increased in these patients. Emerging evidence however suggests that there may be an increased risk of vertebral… 

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