Pathological assessment of intraductal spread of carcinoma in relation to surgical margin state in breast-conserving surgery.

@article{Ishida2003PathologicalAO,
  title={Pathological assessment of intraductal spread of carcinoma in relation to surgical margin state in breast-conserving surgery.},
  author={Takanori Ishida and Akihiko Furuta and Takuya Moriya and Noriaki Ohuchi},
  journal={Japanese journal of clinical oncology},
  year={2003},
  volume={33 4},
  pages={161-6}
}
BACKGROUND Spreading of carcinoma has been considered to be a prognostic factor for local failure after breast-conserving therapy. The extensive intraductal component (EIC) was defined as when the component of intraductal carcinoma constitutes more than 25% of the primary tumor with intraductal foci. However, the definition of EIC was based on the predominance of intraductal component surrounding the invasive lesions and not on the segmental anatomy. We designated carcinoma extension as the… CONTINUE READING