Pathological Water Science – Four Examples and What They Have in Common

  title={Pathological Water Science – Four Examples and What They Have in Common},
  author={Daniel C. Elton and Peter D. Spencer},
  journal={arXiv: History and Philosophy of Physics},
  • D. Elton, P. D. Spencer
  • Published 13 October 2020
  • Physics, Psychology
  • arXiv: History and Philosophy of Physics
Pathological science occurs when well-intentioned scientists spend extended time and resources studying a phenomena that isn’t real. Researchers who get caught up in pathological science are usually following the scientific method and performing careful experiments, but they get tricked by nature. The study of water has had several protracted episodes of pathological science, a few of which are still ongoing. We discuss four areas of pathological water science – polywater, the Mpemba effect… 

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