Pathogens as Weapons: The International Security Implications of Biological Warfare

  title={Pathogens as Weapons: The International Security Implications of Biological Warfare},
  author={Gregory D. Koblentz},
  journal={International Security},
have become one of the key security issues of the twenty-arst century.1 Three factors that arst emerged in the 1990s have contributed to this phenomenon. First, revelations regarding the size, scope, and sophistication of the Soviet and Iraqi biological warfare programs focused renewed attention on the proliferation of these weapons.2 Second, the catastrophic terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and the anthrax letters sent to media outlets and Senate ofaces in the United States during the… 

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