Pathogenic mechanisms in varicose vein disease: the role of hypoxia and inflammation.

AIMS Although the aetiology of varicose veins remains unknown, recent studies have focused on endothelial cell integrity and function. Among the regulatory factors of vessel tone, synthesises, pro- and anti-inflammatory, adhesion molecules and the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha), which are responsible for recruiting… CONTINUE READING