Paternal investment and the human mating system

  title={Paternal investment and the human mating system},
  author={Frank W. Marlowe},
  journal={Behavioural Processes},
  • F. Marlowe
  • Published 5 October 2000
  • Biology
  • Behavioural Processes

Evolution of Paternal Investment

The phenomenon of human paternal investment is considered in terms of the benefits of providing care to children and the costs of investment from the males’ perspective, as well as cost-benefit tradeoffs from the females' perspective.

The Mating System of Foragers in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample

Among foragers, men's foods are often shared widely outside the household, undercutting variation in the benefit their wives and children receive. This means polygyny may not be due to variation in

Human Mate Choice, Evolution of

The Biology of Paternal Care in Human and Nonhuman Primates

Traditional theoretical models for the evolution of paternal care can be reexamined, focusing on male-female interactions as a possible key to understanding parental strategies, and a multidisciplinary approach that also considers epigenetic and transgenerational effects promises to open new avenues to explain the flexible nature of paternal Care in primates.

Female mate choice and the emergence of male coercion

It is found that differences in ecological, physiological, and behavioral characteristics resulted in the persistence of individual or multiple male mating strategies generally consistent with observations in nature and suggest that coercion may often be evolutionarily unstable and available only opportunistically as the strategy of last resort.

Further Mathematical Modelling of Mating Sex Ratios & Male Strategies with Special Relevance to Human Life History

An ordinary differential equation model of mutually exclusive strategies (dependant care, multiple mating, and mate guarding), calculate steady-state frequencies and perform bifurcation analysis on parameters of care and guarding efficiency is presented.

Patterning of Paternal Investment in Response to Socioecological Change

Human paternal investment, and that of many other species, is facultatively expressed and dependent on a diverse array of individual, social, and ecological conditions. Well-documented are the



The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism

During human evolutionary history, there were “trade-offs” between expending time and energy on child-rearing and mating, so both men and women evolved conditional mating strategies guided by cues

The evolution of monogamy and concealed ovulation in humans

Animal breeding systems.

Male care and mating effort among Hadza foragers

  • F. Marlowe
  • Psychology
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 1999
Analysis of variation in male care among the Hadza, a foraging society in Tanzania, suggests men provide care, in part, as parenting effort, and that they trade off parenting effort for mating effort when they have greater mating opportunities.

The Influence of Habitats on Mating Systems of North American Passerine Birds

Regardless of sex ratio, a polygynous mating is expected to be adaptive for the females as well as for the male, and marshes and prairies are more likely than forests to present the minimum requisite food supply and sufficiently great differences in available food between territories for selection to favor polygyny.

Male care in primates: does it ever reflect paternity?

Female mammals have internal fertilization, long gestation, and lactation; male mammals rarely assist their mates in caring for their young; direct infant care by males occurs in fewer than 5 percent of all mammalian species.

The dynamics of operational sex ratios and competition for mates.

On the Evolution of Mating Systems in Birds and Mammals

Most cases of polygyny in birds, a group in which monogamy is the most common mating pattern, can be explained on the basis of the model, and those cases not apparently fitting into the predictions are clearly indicated.

Status, reproductive success, and marrying polygynously

Potential Reproductive Rates and the Operation of Sexual Selection

This framework for relating sex differences in mating competition to the operational sex ratio, potential reproductive rates, and parental expenditure differs from Triver's concept of the relation between parental investment and mating competition in three ways.