Pastoralism and Zimbabwe

  title={Pastoralism and Zimbabwe},
  author={Peter S. Garlake},
  journal={The Journal of African History},
  pages={479 - 493}
  • P. Garlake
  • Published 1 October 1978
  • Economics, History
  • The Journal of African History
Excavations at the Zimbabwe (enclosure) of Manekweni, in southern coastal Mozambique, have shown that it belongs to the Zimbabwe Culture which was centred on the Rhodesian plateau. Occupation levels have been dated to between the twelfth and eighteenth centuries. The faunal evidence indicates that a section of the population benefited from intensive beef production through transhumant pastoralism on the seasonally-fluctuating fringes of tsetse fly infestation. The settlement pattern of… 

The chronology, craft production and economy of the Butua capital of Khami, southwestern Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT This paper explores the material culture of Khami, the precolonial capital of the Butua kingdom in southwestern Zimbabwe, with a view to understanding its chronology, as well as patterns of

What was the population of Great Zimbabwe (CE1000 – 1800)?

It is demonstrated that the total population estimate for the site’s nearly 800-year occupational duration (CE1000–1800), after factoring in generational succession, is unlikely to have exceeded 10,000 people.

Prehistory and Ideology in Zimbabwe

Opening Paragraph Zimbabwe has adopted the name of the Shona state, centred on the city of Great Zimbabwe, which flourished between five and eight hundred years ago, and whose ruined stone walls are

Great Zimbabwe's water

Once a thriving center with commercial links to the Indian Ocean, what remains of Great Zimbabwe is its monumental architecture. Its rise and decline have long been linked to environmental changes in


Class distinction and sacred leadership characterised the Zimbabwe culture, the most complex society in precolonial southern Africa. This complex society evolved between AD 1000 and 1300 at the sites

The 'Mysterious' Ruins of Great Zimbabwe

AbstractThere are still well informed people who are unaware that archaeologists have dispelled the so called 'mystery' of the stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe; the speculations of non-archaeologists


This article examines the nature and causes of socio<ultural changes that took place amongst prehistoric farming communities in northern Zimbabwe. Farming was established in northern Zimbabwe by the

The Nilotic Contribution to Bantu Africa

  • R. Oliver
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1982
It is argued that the Nilotic contribution to Bantu Africa consisted essentially in the infiltration of Early Iron Age communities practising a mainly agricultural economy in certain specially

The Effect of the Tsetse Fly on African Development

The TseTse fly is unique to Africa and transmits a parasite harmful to humans and lethal to livestock. This paper tests the hypothesis that the TseTse reduced the ability of Africans to generate an

East Africa: Dawn of the Swahili Culture

From a linguistic point of view, the “Zanjian” phase appears to be marked not only by a differentiation of the “Proto-Sabaki” language (spoken by Bantus settling between the Tana River and



The Rise and Fall of Zimbabwe

  • T. Huffman
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1972
Two hypotheses are available for the origin of the Zimbabwe culture. A religious hypothesis attributes its development to an African society in isolation, placing it in the class of a primary state.

The peoples of Southern Mozambique: an historical survey

The purpose of this article is to attempt to clarify some of the outstanding controversies in the historical and ethnographic literature on southern Mozambique. It contends that by the eighteenth

Rhodesian Ruins—a preliminary assessment of their styles and chronology

  • P. Garlake
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1970
The results of archaeological work on ruins of the Zimbabwe–Khami complex in Rhodesia are reassessed in the light of recent work. In order to provide a preliminary framework for further

An Investigation of Manekweni, Mozambique

Summary This article gives an account of the first British Institute project in Mozambique, carried out under the auspices of Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo. The site concerned is of particular

The Bells of Kings

  • J. Vansina
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1969
Much speculation has been devoted to the possible connexions between the different clusters of kingdoms in Africa. Scholars have been puzzled for over half a century by the similarities in

The role of foreign trade in the Rozvi empire: A reappraisal

  • S. Mudenge
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1974
Recent studies by the historians of pre-colonial Africa have tended to assume that external trade has always led to the formation or enlargement of states, and was crucial for the continued existence

Tautswe Iron Age Site: Its Yield of Bones

The Iron Age site of Tautswemogala, near Maope Siding, approximately 50 kilometres north of Palapye, was excavated by a team led by Mr L. Lepionka in 1970. A very brief provisional report has been