Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change

  title={Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change},
  author={Connor J. Nolan and Jonathan T. Overpeck and Judy R. M. Allen and Patricia M. Anderson and Julio L. Betancourt and Heather A. Binney and Simon C. Brewer and Mark B. Bush and Brian M. Chase and Rachid Cheddadi and Morteza Djamali and John Dodson and Mary E. Edwards and William D. Gosling and Simon Graeme Haberle and Sara C. Hotchkiss and Brian Huntley and Sarah J. Ivory and A. Peter Kershaw and Soo-Hyun Kim and Claudio Latorre and Michelle Leydet and Anne-Marie L{\'e}zine and Kam‐biu Liu and Yao Liu and A. V. Lozhkin and Matt S. McGlone and Rob Marchant and Arata Momohara and Patricio I. Moreno and Stefanie M{\"u}ller and Bette L. Otto‐Bliesner and Caiming Shen and Janelle Stevenson and Hikaru Takahara and Pavel E. Tarasov and John R. Tipton and Annie Vincens and Chengyu Weng and Qinghai Xu and Zhuo Zheng and Stephen T. Jackson},
  pages={920 - 923}
Future predictions from paleoecology Terrestrial ecosystems will be transformed by current anthropogenic change, but the extent of this change remains a challenge to predict. Nolan et al. looked at documented vegetational and climatic changes at almost 600 sites worldwide since the last glacial maximum 21,000 years ago. From this, they determined vegetation responses to temperature changes of 4° to 7°C. They went on to estimate the extent of ecosystem changes under current similar (albeit more… 

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  • C. AllenD. Breshears
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
The most rapid landscape-scale shift of a woody ecotones ever documented is reported: in northern New Mexico in the 1950s, the ecotone between semiarid ponderosa pine forest and pinon-juniper woodland shifted extensively and rapidly and persisted for 40 years.

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