Passive smoking and lung cancer: a cumulative meta‐analysis

@article{Taylor2001PassiveSA,
  title={Passive smoking and lung cancer: a cumulative meta‐analysis},
  author={Richard J. K. Taylor and Robert E. Gumming and Alistair Woodward and Megan Black},
  journal={Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health},
  year={2001},
  volume={25}
}
Objective : To review the epidemiological evidence for the association between passive smoking and lung cancer. 
Smoking-Related Cancer Epidemiology
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This section intends to describe the epidemiology of cigarette smoking-related cancers as well as the scientific evidence for each disease.
Environmental exposure to carcinogens causing lung cancer: Epidemiological evidence from the medical literature
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This work aimed to search and appraise the literature regarding evidence for a causal relationship between air pollution and lung cancer according to the 10 Bradford Hill criteria for causality.
Global estimate of the burden of disease from second-hand smoke.
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Effect of passive smoking on health
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Information is available, but the controversy still persists over the treatment of children with intellectual disabilities in the care and treatment of physical disabilities.
Smoking of tobacco is the cause of human lung cancer
TLDR
According to the results of this study, without smoking no lung cancer, smoking is the cause of lung cancer.
Smoking is the Cause of Lung Cancer
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According to the results of this study, without smoking no lung cancer, smoking is the cause of lung cancer.
[Meta-analysis of the relationship between passive smoking population in China and lung cancer].
TLDR
Passive smoking is an important risk factor of lung cancer among non-smoking Chinese, and for non- smoking women who expose to environment tobacco smoke in a long period of time have a close relationship with lung cancer risk.
Meta-analysis of studies of passive smoking and lung cancer: effects of study type and continent.
TLDR
The abundance of evidence, consistency of finding across continent and study type, dose-response relationship and biological plausibility, overwhelmingly support the existence of a causal relationship between passive smoking and lung cancer.
Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review in Environmental Tobacco Smoke Risk of Female Lung Cancer by Research Type
  • Xue Ni, N. Xu, Q. Wang
  • Medicine
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2018
TLDR
The summary RR estimate of the cohort studies was not statistically significant, but the RR increased with increasing doses of ETS exposure, suggesting ETS might be an important risk factor of female lung cancer in non-smokers.
Harmful health effects of cigarette smoking
  • Salil K. Das
  • Medicine
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
  • 2004
TLDR
This is a comprehensive review on the harmful health effects of cigarette smoking, shown to be linked with various neurological, cardiovascular, and pulmonary diseases.
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TLDR
Results show no statistical association between exposure to ETS and pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
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TLDR
There was certain association between passive smoking and lung cancer in non-smoking women, with an OR of 2.52, P < 0.05, and its strength also increased with cigarette-years of smoking.
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The elevated risk associated with spouse smoking was restricted to squamous and small cell carcinomas, which provides additional evidence linking passive smoking to lung cancer.
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TLDR
Passive smoking in the development of lung cancer has been investigated in 25 female lung cancer patients in a case control study based on their histological type, and Adenocarcinoma was notable in cancer family aggregation.
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TLDR
While it appears most likely that a causal relationship exists, the size of the effect remains to be accurately estimated and requires studies using valid instruments to quantitate exposures, and free as far as possible from biases.
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Never smokers married to smokers had about a two-fold increased risk of lung cancer, and lung cancer risk in never smokers also increased with duration of exposure to a smoking spouse, but not with increasing number of cigarettes smoked per day by the spouse.
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TLDR
The study revealed a relative risk increase for squamous cell and small cell carcinomas in women married to smokers and a positive dose-response relation, indicating that passive smoking is related primarily to those forms of lung cancer which show the highest relative risks in smokers.
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TLDR
It is suggested that ETS exposure may be a strong risk factor for lung cancer also in India, a country with low prevalence of smoking and, therefore, low rates of lung cancer.
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