Passive sinking into the snow as possible survival strategy during the off-host stage in an insect ectoparasite.

@article{Kaunisto2015PassiveSI,
  title={Passive sinking into the snow as possible survival strategy during the off-host stage in an insect ectoparasite.},
  author={Sirpa Kaunisto and Hannu Ylonen and Raine Kortet},
  journal={Folia parasitologica},
  year={2015},
  volume={62}
}
Abiotic and biotic factors determine success or failure of individual organisms, populations and species. The early life stages are often the most vulnerable to heavy mortality due to environmental conditions. The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi Linnaeus, 1758) is an invasive insect ectoparasite of cervids that spends an important period of the life cycle outside host as immobile pupa. During winter, dark-coloured pupae drop off the host onto the snow, where they are exposed to environmental… CONTINUE READING

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