Passive protection of piglets by monoclonal antibodies against experimental infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae.

Abstract

Mouse monoclonal antibodies 11C11 (an IgG) and 4A9 (an IgM), which combine with a superficial component of cells belonging, respectively, to serovars 1 or 3 of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, were given intraperitoneally 24 hours before and intranasally one hour before two-week-old, colostrum-deprived piglets were exposed by the intranasal route to 10(9) viable cells of either strain Shope 4074 (serovar 1) or 2/10 (serovar 3). Compared with control piglets given phosphate buffered saline or the heterologous monoclonal antibody, this procedure conferred substantial protection against the development of peracute or acute pleuropneumonia. Protection against the experimental disease was somewhat less in other piglets to which monoclonal antibody 4A9 was given only by the intranasal route one hour before the organism was administered than in those given the antibody intraperitoneally 24 hours beforehand, although its effect was still significantly greater than in piglets given phosphate buffered saline only. These two monoclonal antibodies consequently offer means of investigating at the molecular level the pathogenesis of the disease associated with A pleuropneumoniae and the potential value of anti-idiotypes as immunising agents.

Cite this paper

@article{Smith1990PassivePO, title={Passive protection of piglets by monoclonal antibodies against experimental infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae.}, author={Issar Smith and J. Lida}, journal={Research in veterinary science}, year={1990}, volume={49 2}, pages={144-50} }