Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

  title={Passive Mode-Locking and Tilted Waves in Broad-Area Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers},
  author={M. Marconi and Julien Javaloyes and Salvador Balle and M. Giudici},
  journal={IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics},
We show experimentally and theoretically that an electrically biased 200-μm multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser can be passively mode-locked using optical feedback from a distant resonant saturable absorber mirror. This is achieved when one cavity is placed at the Fourier plane of the other. Such nonconventional optical feedback leads to the formation of two tilted plane waves traveling in the external cavity with opposite transverse components and alternating in time at… 

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