Passing the Torch

  title={Passing the Torch},
  author={Laverne Gyant},
  journal={Journal of Black Studies},
  pages={629 - 647}
Since Africans arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, women have been involved inthe African American experience. They have been, and still are, instrumental in shaping America and in the journey of African Americans from slavery to freedom. Despite the fact they were at the bottom of the social ladder, deprived of all rights, vulnerable to sexual and physical abuse by White males, and disliked and scorned by many White women, African American womenheld their families and communities together… 
The Relationship Between the “Invisibility” of African American Women in the American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s and Their Portrayal in Modern Film
This research argues that the representation of African American women in modern civil rights film is a result of the “invisibility” that they faced during the civil rights movement in America during
An exploration of the intersection of race, gender and generation in African American women doing social justice work
This article examines how Black women from varying generations articulate their perceptions about race. The 183 participants, ranging in age from 21 to 69, were Black women committed to social
An Overview of African American College Presidents: A Game of Two Steps Forward, One Step Backward, and Standing Still.
This study combined the narratives of six African American presidents with descriptive statistics from national level data in an effort to provide a snapshot of the current status of African American
"The barrier breaking love of God": the multiracial activism of the Young Women's Christian Association, 1940s to 1970s
This dissertation examines the ways in which the Young Women's Christian Association (the Y) redefined its race relations work in the post World War II era, and how it used Christian principles and
Black Settlement Houses and Oppositional Consciousness
Due to the failure of the mainstream American settlement house movement to assist Blacks moving to cities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a parallel movement was developed by Black female
The Pen of the Panther: Barriers and Freedom in the Prison Poetry of Ericka Huggins
“ H umans get stuck in barriers, and just need to break them down,” argues Black Panther Party (BPP) activist and writer Ericka Huggins. The metaphorical possibilities of this statement are robust,
Still Missing in Action: The Perceptions of African American Women About the Barriers and Challenges in Ascending to the Superintendency in North Carolina Public Schools
In North Carolina, women represent the largest number of teachers and a large percentage of building and district level administrators, but remain underrepresented in the superintendent position. The
From mother to daughter: an analysis of intergenerational activism among African-American women from 1960 to 1961
The Integration Imperative: The Children of Low-Status Immigrants in the Schools of Wealthy Societies
Because demographic shifts will affect their labor forces in the immediate future, rich societies will have to face up to the challenge of integrating the children of low-status immigrants, such as
A New Consciousness Trudging Toward Leadership
Integrating elements of oppression psychology, Popular Education (1999), critical pedagogy, and critical race theory, this article highlights a study of seven African American elders who graduated


Stirring the Masses: Indigenous Roots of the Civil Rights Movement@@@The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement: Black Communities Organizing for Change.
This important and provocative book reflects a trend in recent scholarship concerning the modern struggles for black advancement. Scholars have increasingly moved from a national to a local
The Negro in the making of America
Contents Introduction by V. P. Franklin Foreword 1 From Africa to the New World (to 1619) 2 The Colonial and Revolutionary War Negro (1619-1800) 3 The House of Bondage (1800-1860) 4 The Nonslave
Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965.
Eyes on the Prize is an award –winning documentary film series, of 14 one-hour episodes, about the U.S. Civil Rights movement, covering events from the Montgomery bus boycott to the Freedom Rides to
Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow
Review of Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to the Present by Jacqueline Jones. This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website , where most
We shall not be maved: Blackfemale activists in the Mississippi civil rights movement. Doctoral dissertation
  • 1987
African American women's contributions to nonformal education during the civil rights movement, 1954-1964. Doctoral dissertation
  • 1990
Black women in white America
Eyes on the prized: America's civil rights years
  • 1986
The origins of the civil rights movement: Black communities organizing
  • 1984