Passerine Birds

  title={Passerine Birds},
  author={Kemba L Marshall and Jennifer Jill Heatley},
  journal={Exotic Animal Laboratory Diagnosis},
Testosterone increases singing and aggression but not male-typical sexual partner preference in early estrogen treated female zebra finches. Sexual differentiation of brain and behavior in the zebra finch: Critical periods for effects of early estrogen treatment. A zebra finch gynandromorph with masculine song system and lateralized expression of sex chromosome genes. (2000). Variation in the volume of zebra finch song control nuclei is heritable: Developmental and evolutionary implications… 

Human recreation decreases antibody titre in bird nestlings: an overlooked transgenerational effect of disturbance

Human recreational activities affect maternal antibody deposition in birds but this depends on vegetation density and interspecific effects, and suggests that human recreation may have caused a stress-driven activation of the HPA axis in breeding females, chronically increasing their circulating corticosterone, which is known to have an immunosuppressive function.

Human genes with codon usage bias similar to that of the nonstructural protein 1 gene of influenza A viruses are conjointly involved in the infectious pathogenesis of influenza A viruses

Differences and similarities in the subtype-specific human protein–protein interaction (PPI) networks and their functions were recorded among IAVs subtypes, indicating that NS1 of each IAV subtype has a specific pathogenic mechanism.

An experimental test of chronic traffic noise exposure on parental behaviour and reproduction in zebra finches

Whether the increased nest attendance could be a compensatory strategy that alleviated detrimental noise effects on the chicks, and whether it could be caused by impaired parent-offspring or within-pair communication are discussed.

Avian biotic homogenization driven by airport-affected environments

Building and operating airports are human activities associated with adverse changes in the natural environment, resulting in threats to the biodiversity in airport surroundings. As urban ecosystems



Sexual equality in zebra finch song preference: evidence for a dissociation between song recognition and production learning

The results show that early exposure has an equally strong influence on males' and females' song preferences despite the sexual asymmetry in song production learning, and suggests that the trajectory for song recognition learning is independent of the one forsong production learning.

Lateralization and effects of adult androgen in a sexually dimorphic neuromuscular system controlling song in zebra finches

Female‐biased sexual dimorphisms and right side dominance in both nXIIts and the syrinx may facilitate singing behavior, and other factors must be important in mediating the sex differences in both that structure and the volume of n XIIts.

Antiandrogen blocks estrogen-induced masculinization of the song system in female zebra finches.

The results strongly suggest that the activation of androgen receptors is necessary for the E2-induced masculinization of the song system in females.

Sexual Differentiation of the Zebra Finch Song System Parallels Genetic, Not Gonadal, Sex

The results suggest that sexual differentiation of the zebra finch song system is not regulated by embryonic aromatase activity or by gonadal secretions and instead involves events that need not be mediated by steroid hormones.

Neither testicular androgens nor embryonic aromatase activity alters morphology of the neural song system in zebra finches.

It is found that treating embryonic female zebra finches with fadrozole, a potent aromatase inhibitor, can induce testicular tissue to develop in addition to normal ovarian tissue, and shows that it secretes androgens in adulthood, produces sperm, and causes the androgen-sensitive syrinx to enlarge.

Functional testicular tissue does not masculinize development of the zebra finch song system.

  • J. WadeA. Arnold
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1996
The results suggest that masculinization of the song system is not determined solely by testicular androgens or their estrogenic metabolites.

TrkB-like immunoreactivity in the song system of developing zebra finches

  • J. Wade
  • Biology, Psychology
    Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
  • 2000

Plasma sex steroids and tissue aromatization in hatchling zebra finches: implications for the sexual differentiation of singing behavior.

The puzzle remains why the song system is not masculinized in females, who possess high levels of aromatizable androgens and telencephalic aromatase, as in nonpasserine birds.

Behavioral discrimination of sexually dimorphic calls by male zebra finches requires an intact vocal motor pathway.

Apparently, in the absence of RA, the remaining intact structures receive different call information than RA normally does, and/or process it differently, which suggests that the vocal motor nucleus RA could play a role in the transformation of a signal encoding the salience of stimulus parameters into a control signal that modulates the probability and strength of responding.

Local intracerebral implants of estrogen masculinize some aspects of the zebra finch song system.

To the authors' knowledge, this is the first demonstration that localized brain implants of estrogen cause morphological masculinization in any species.