Passenger behaviors associated with norovirus infection on board a cruise ship--Alaska, May to June 2004.

@article{Chimonas2008PassengerBA,
  title={Passenger behaviors associated with norovirus infection on board a cruise ship--Alaska, May to June 2004.},
  author={Marc-Andre R Chimonas and George H. Vaughan and Zandra H Andre and J Timothy Ames and Grant A Tarling and Suzanne S Beard and Marc-Alain Widdowson and Elaine H. Cramer},
  journal={Journal of travel medicine},
  year={2008},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={177-83}
}
BACKGROUND During May 2004, the Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP) investigated an outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis on board a cruise ship sailing in Alaska waters. The objectives were to identify a common food item source and explore behavioral risk factors for person-to-person transmission among passengers. METHODS A case was defined as three or more episodes of loose stools within 24 hours or two or fewer episodes of loose stools accompanied by one or more episodes of vomiting. Vomitus… CONTINUE READING

Citations

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Gastroenteritis outbreaks on cruise ships: contributing factors and thresholds for early outbreak detection

Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin • 2017

Disease transmission and passenger behaviors during a high morbidity Norovirus outbreak on a cruise ship, January 2009.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America • 2011

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