Party over policy: The dominating impact of group influence on political beliefs.

@article{Cohen2003PartyOP,
  title={Party over policy: The dominating impact of group influence on political beliefs.},
  author={Geoffrey L. Cohen},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={85 5},
  pages={
          808-22
        }
}
  • Geoffrey L. Cohen
  • Published 1 November 2003
  • Psychology, Political Science
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Four studies demonstrated both the power of group influence in persuasion and people's blindness to it. Even under conditions of effortful processing, attitudes toward a social policy depended almost exclusively upon the stated position of one's political party. This effect overwhelmed the impact of both the policy's objective content and participants' ideological beliefs (Studies 1-3), and it was driven by a shift in the assumed factual qualities of the policy and in its perceived moral… 

Tables from this paper

A Further Test of the “Party Over Policy” Effect: Political Leadership and Ethnic Minority Policies

This study tests the “party over policy” effect by focusing on the influence of political leadership on the public's acceptance of cultural diversity and affirmative action policies. Both people on

Political disagreement in intergroup terms: contextual variation and the influence of power.

The results show the influence of intergroup power and within-group leader/supporter distinctions on people's attributions about political disagreement and point to the power of social psychological theory to help analyse important contemporary political concerns.

When Wearing a Mask Is (Not) the Norm: Political Partisanship and Persuasion in the Context of COVID-19

This study examined the effects of source partisanship and credentials on persuasion. Democrats and Republicans (N = 206) read a policy statement advocating for a national mask mandate, ostensibly

Policy over party: comparing the effects of candidate ideology and party on affective polarization

  • Yphtach Lelkes
  • Political Science
    Political Science Research and Methods
  • 2019
Abstract At least two theories have been offered that explain the rise of affective polarization. Some scholars, relying on social identity theory, argue that as the relevance of party identification

Leader over policy? The influence of political leaders on policy preferences

To extend the existing literature on political polarization beyond the traditional setup (an ideologically well-defined two-party setup), we run survey experiments in the great Buenos Aires area of

Going Public with the Process

Decades of research on public opinion shows the strong influence of partisanship on public policy support. Even political sophisticates seem to evaluate a policy based on its partisan implications.

The Self-Validating Role of Political Ideology on Political Attitudes

Recently there has been a resurgence of interest in the influence of ideology on the formation and maintenance of political attitudes. Much of this work has examined ideology as an individual

Elite Influence on Public Opinion in an Informed Electorate

An enduring concern about democracies is that citizens conform too readily to the policy views of elites in their own parties, even to the point of ignoring other information about the policies in

Parties are always right: the effects of party cues and policy information on attitudes towards EU issues

Abstract This article analyses the influence that political parties exert upon citizens’ opinions about European Union issues. By measuring at the same time the content and source effects on
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES

The Role of Self-Interest in Social and Political Attitudes

Self-definition, defensive processing, and influence: the normative impact of majority and minority groups.

The authors suggest that these attitude shifts reflect normative pressures to align with valued majorities and to differentiate from derogated minorities.

Attitudes, behavior, and social context: The role of norms and group membership in social influence processes

The reasons why people do not always act in accord with their attitudes has been the focus of much social psychological research, as have the factors that account for why people change their

The Rhetorical Use of Values to Justify Social and Intergroup Attitudes

In this article we review research relevant to Rokeach's (1973) suggestion that, by appealing to socially shared conceptions of what is good, people may use values to ego defensively rationalize or

The hostile media phenomenon: biased perception and perceptions of media bias in coverage of the Beirut massacre.

Charges of media bias, it was concluded, may result from the operation of basic cognitive and perceptual mechanisms, mechanisms that should prove relevant to perceptions of fairness or objectivity in a wide range of mediation and negotiation contexts.

The disparity between the actual and assumed power of self-interest.

The tendency to overestimate the impact of self-interest on others was largely unrelated to the impact that it had on participants' own attitudes and behaviors.

Biased Assimilation and Attitude Polarization: The Effects of Prior Theories on Subsequently Considered Evidence

People who hold strong opinions on complex social issues are likely to examine relevant empirical evidence in a biased manner. They are apt to accept "confirming" evidence at face value while

Extremism, Power, and the Imagined Basis of Social Conflict

There is perhaps no more dan gerous force in social relations than the human mind. People's ca pacities to categorize, interpret, and go "beyond the information given" readily lead to the stereo

Attitude Attribution: A Group Basis for Political Reasoning

This article shows that citizens can estimate what politically strategic groups—liberals and conservatives, Democrats and Republicans, and blacks and whites—stand for on major issues. These attitude

Accepting Threatening Information: Self–Affirmation and the Reduction of Defensive Biases

Why do people resist evidence that challenges the validity of long–held beliefs? And why do they persist in maladaptive behavior even when persuasive information or personal experience recommends
...