Party choice in Europe: Social cleavages and the rise of populist parties

  title={Party choice in Europe: Social cleavages and the rise of populist parties},
  author={James L. Guth and Brent F Nelsen},
  journal={Party Politics},
  pages={453 - 464}
Does the rise of populist parties of the right and left indicate the fading of the traditional left–right cleavage and the rise of a new transnational cleavage? Our analysis finds evidence of a continued left–right cleavage that divides European parties by religion and class. Our analysis also finds strong evidence for an additional transnational cleavage that pits the populists of right and left against the traditional parties of the “frozen” center. Right-Wing Populist parties attract young… Expand

Tables from this paper

Brexitland: Identity, Diversity and the Reshaping of British Politics
Long-term social and demographic changes - and the conflicts they create - continue to transform British politics. In this accessible and authoritative book Sobolewska and Ford show how deep theExpand
Religion and American Populism: The View from the 2020 American National Election Study
Although the rise of right-wing populism in Western democracies has received enormous attention from social scientists, there has been much less research directed at the role of religion in creatingExpand
Religious Immunity to Populism: Christian Religiosity and Public Support for the Alternative for Germany
European research has largely ignored the role that religion has played in the recent growth of right-wing populist (RWP) parties. In this paper we focus on how religiosity affects electoral supportExpand
Populism and religion in Central and Eastern Europe
Populism is a re-emerging modern topic. Since 2015 it has been one of the most mentioned and analyzed issues in the political sciences, international relations, and sociological academic literature.Expand
Are White Evangelicals Populists? The View from the 2016 American National Election Study
  • J. Guth
  • Sociology
  • The Review of Faith & International Affairs
  • 2019
Abstract The role of religion in the rise of populism is sometimes contested, but usually neglected. In this article, we consider the question of whether white American Evangelicals are part of theExpand


Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse
Growing up taking survival for granted makes people more open to new ideas and more tolerant of outgroups. Insecurity has the opposite effect, stimulating an Authoritarian Reflex in which peopleExpand
Religion and right-wing populism in Italy: using ‘Judeo-Christian roots’ to kill the European Union
ABSTRACT This contribution offers new directions to explore how implicitly religious customs and norms may influence voting for right-wing populist parties. It also suggests an indirect influence ofExpand
Electoral competition in Europe's new tripolar political space: Class voting for the left, centre‐right and radical right
The rise of the radical right fundamentally changes the face of electoral competition in Western Europe. Bipolar competition is becoming tripolar, as the two dominant party poles of the twentiethExpand
Trump, Brexit, and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash
Rising support for populist parties has disrupted the politics of many Western societies. What explains this phenomenon? Two theories are examined here. Perhaps the most widely-held view of massExpand
The Europeanization of electoral politics
‘Nationalization’ theories have been used to explain the integration of electorates and party systems in democratizing and newly formed national polities. This article extends these theories to theExpand
Beyond protest and discontent: A cross-national analysis of the effect of populist attitudes and issue positions on populist party support
Studies on populist parties – or ‘supply-side populism’ more generally – are numerous. Nevertheless, the connection with demand-side dynamics, and particularly the populist characteristics orExpand
The New Cultural Divide and the Two-Dimensional Political Space in Western Europe
While the endorsement of universalistic values by the New Left led to a first transformation of political space in Western Europe, the counter-mobilisation of the extreme populist right resulted in aExpand
Out of left field? Explaining the variable electoral success of European radical left parties
European radical left parties (RLPs) are gradually receiving greater attention. Yet, to date, what has received insufficient focus is why such parties have maintained residues of electoral supportExpand
Political opportunity structures and right‐wing extremist party success
West European right-wing extremist parties have received a great deal of attention over the past two decades due to their electoral success. What has received less coverage, however, is the fact thatExpand
The ecological correlates of right–wing extremism in Western Europe
This study traces the evolution of right-wing extremism, conceptualized as latent electoral support for extreme right-wing parties (i.e., vote intention), in six Western European countries (i.e.,Expand