Particle creation by black holes

  title={Particle creation by black holes},
  author={Stephen William Hawking},
  journal={Communications in Mathematical Physics},
  • S. Hawking
  • Published 1975
  • Physics
  • Communications in Mathematical Physics
AbstractIn the classical theory black holes can only absorb and not emit particles. However it is shown that quantum mechanical effects cause black holes to create and emit particles as if they were hot bodies with temperature $$\frac{{h\kappa }}{{2\pi k}} \approx 10^{ - 6} \left( {\frac{{M_ \odot }}{M}} \right){}^ \circ K$$ where κ is the surface gravity of the black hole. This thermal emission leads to a slow decrease in the mass of the black hole and to its eventual disappearance: any… Expand

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