Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre: Social Innovation and the Dialectical Relationship of State and Civil Society

@article{Novy2005ParticipatoryBI,
  title={Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre: Social Innovation and the Dialectical Relationship of State and Civil Society},
  author={Andreas Novy and Bernhard Leubolt},
  journal={Urban Studies},
  year={2005},
  volume={42},
  pages={2023 - 2036}
}
This article focuses on the identification and role of social innovation in urban development. The aim is to further the understanding of the contradictory relationship between state and civil society, using a thorough analysis of the process of participatory budgeting in Porto Alegre, the capital city of Rio Grande do Sul—the most southern state of Brazil. The first section spells out four different concepts of the relationship between state and civil society and their implications for social… 

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