Partial reproductive isolation between European subspecies of honey bees

@article{Oleksa2013PartialRI,
  title={Partial reproductive isolation between European subspecies of honey bees},
  author={Andrzej Oleksa and Jerzy Wilde and Adam Tofilski and Igor J. Chybicki},
  journal={Apidologie},
  year={2013},
  volume={44},
  pages={611-619}
}
Northern Poland is inhabited by native Apis mellifera mellifera (AMM) and the non-native A. m. carnica (AMC) which was introduced by beekeepers. However, hybrids between the two subspecies of honey bee are relatively rare. The lower than expected proportion of hybrids is hypothesised to be related to reproductive isolation between AMM and AMC. To verify this hypothesis, we allowed the AMM and AMC queens to be naturally inseminated in an area inhabited by both AMM and AMC drones. Genotype of the… 

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