Part 1

@article{Agoulnik2012Part1,
  title={Part 1},
  author={Dorothy Agoulnik and Mathieu Pascal Lalonde and George S. Ellmore and Nicola M. McKeown},
  journal={Nutrition Today},
  year={2012},
  volume={56},
  pages={94 - 104}
}
Public interest in the Paleo diet (PD) has been growing since 2002, following the publication of Dr Loren Cordain's book The Paleo Diet. The premise of this diet is rooted in the ancestral hunter-gatherer pattern of eating, including lean meat, fish/seafood, fruits, vegetables (leaves and tubers), and nuts. Many followers adopt the diet as a healthier alternative to the standard American diet. Today, however, the interpretation and practice of the PD vary. To promote an increased understanding… 
1 Citations

The Quantified Caveman

TLDR
Although the subject's diet aligned with PD book recommendations, several nutrients differed markedly from estimations in the scientific literature, highlighting the importance of relying on evidence-based dietary advice.

References

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The paradoxical nature of hunter-gatherer diets: meat-based, yet non-atherogenic

TLDR
It is demonstrated that animal food actually provided the dominant energy source, while gathered plant foods comprised the remainder, which is consistent with a more recent, comprehensive review of the entire ethnographic data that showed the mean subsistence dependence upon gathered plant Foods was 32%, whereas it was 68% for animal foods.

Australian Aboriginal plant foods: a consideration of their nutritional composition and health implications

TLDR
The dietary pattern and active lifestyle of recent hunter-gatherers such as AA may be a reference standard for modem human nutrition and a model for defence against diseases of affluence.

Effects of a short-term intervention with a paleolithic diet in healthy volunteers

TLDR
This short-term intervention showed some favourable effects by the paleolithic diet, but further studies, including control group, are needed.

Beneficial effects of a Paleolithic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: a randomized cross-over pilot study

TLDR
Over a 3-month study period, a Paleolithic diet improved glycemic control and several cardiovascular risk factors compared to a Diabetes diet in patients with type 2 diabetes.

A Palaeolithic diet improves glucose tolerance more than a Mediterranean-like diet in individuals with ischaemic heart disease

TLDR
A Palaeolithic diet may improve glucose tolerance independently of decreased waist circumference and the strong association between change in AUC Insulin0–120 and change in waist circumference did not remain after multivariate analysis.

The Nutritional Characteristics of a Contemporary Diet Based Upon Paleolithic Food Groups

TLDR
The analysis revealed that except for vitamin D, which would have been supplied by endogenous synthesis in hunter gatherers, it is entirely possible to consume a nutritionally balanced diet from contemporary foods that mimic the food groups and types available during the Paleolithic.

Paleolithic nutrition: twenty-five years later.

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TLDR
In some respects, official recommendations today have targets closer to those prevalent among hunter-gatherers than did comparable recommendations 25 years ago, and doubts have been raised about the necessity for very low levels of protein, fat, and cholesterol intake common in official recommendations.

Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century.

TLDR
The evolutionary collision of the authors' ancient genome with the nutritional qualities of recently introduced foods may underlie many of the chronic diseases of Western civilization.

The ancestral human diet: what was it and should it be a paradigm for contemporary nutrition?

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  • Medicine
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TLDR
An understanding of human evolutionary experience and its relevance to contemporary nutritional requirements may address this critical deficiency in nutrition science.

Long-term effects of a Palaeolithic-type diet in obese postmenopausal women: a 2-year randomized trial

TLDR
A PD has greater beneficial effects vs an NNR diet regarding fat mass, abdominal obesity and triglyceride levels in obese postmenopausal women; effects not sustained for anthropometric measurements at 24 months.