Parsing the Turing Test: Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer

@article{Epstein2008ParsingTT,
  title={Parsing the Turing Test: Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer},
  author={Robert Epstein and Gary Roberts and Grace Beber},
  journal={Parsing the Turing Test},
  year={2008}
}
Parsing the Turing Test is a landmark exploration of both the philosophical and methodological issues surrounding the search for true artificial intelligence. Will computers and robots ever think and communicate the way humans do? When a computer crosses the threshold into self-consciousness, will it immediately jump into the Internet and create a World Mind? Will intelligent computers someday recognize the rather doubtful intelligence of human beings? Distinguished psychologists, computer… 

The Turing Test: A New Appraisal

This paper appraises some of the prevailing ideas surrounding one of Turing's brilliant ideas, his imitation game experiment, and considers judge performance in assessing machine thinking in the

From Alan Turing to modern AI: practical solutions and an implicit epistemic stance

TLDR
This paper contends that the construction of any human artifact includes an implicit epistemic stance, and suggests that computational and human intelligence are two different natural kinds, in the philosophical sense, and elaborate on this point in the conclusion.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: AN ANALYSIS OF ALAN TURING’S ROLE IN THE CONCEPTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLIGENT MACHINERY

TLDR
The purpose of this thesis is to follow the thread of Alan Turing’s ideas throughout his decades of research and analyze how his predictions have come to fruition over the years and whether or not a machine exists that has passed the Turing Test.

Turing Test Considered Mostly Harmless

TLDR
In its interpretation as a test of machine intelligence, the Turing test may indeed be harmful for artificial intelligence (AI); in its wider interpretation, however, it remains an inspiring source for philosophy and AI alike.

Computing Machinery, Intelligence and Undecidability

TLDR
It is argued that the Turing test has a fundamental problem, making it impossible to provide human intelligence validation, and thus cannot be considered a valid methodology to test for artificial intelligence.

On the Claim that a Table-Lookup Program Could Pass the Turing Test

TLDR
The Humongous-Table Program Argument is the only argument ever marshalled against the sufficiency of the Turing Test, if the authors exclude arguments that cognitive science is simply not possible.

The chess example in Turing's Mind paper is really about ambiguity

TLDR
In his paper Computing machinery and intelligence, Turing introduces a rather trivial chess problem as a conversation piece in an example Turing test, which has a hidden message that is about resolving ambiguity and knowledge representation.

Turing's Imitation Game: Conversations with the Unknown

TLDR
This book offers an up-to-date assessment of Turing's Imitation Game, its history, context and implications, all illustrated with practical Turing tests, and is an ideal companion for undergraduate courses in artificial intelligence, engineering or computer science.

Does Everyone Think, or Is It Just Me?

It has been roughly 60 years since Turing wrote his famous article on the question, “Can machines think?” His answer was that the ability to converse would be a good indication of a thinking

Doing Justice to the Imitation Game

My claim in this article is that the 1950 paper in which Turing describes the world-famous set-up of the Imitation Game is much richer and intriguing than the formalist ersatz coined in the early
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 347 REFERENCES

The Turing Test: the first 50 years

  • R. French
  • Computer Science
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2000

The Turing Test : The First Fifty Years

TLDR
The present article chronicles the comments and controversy surrounding Turing’s classic article from its publication to the present, and predicts that the Turing Test will remain important, not only as a landmark in the history of the development of intelligent machines, but also with real relevance to future generations of people living in a world in which the cognitive capacities of machines will be vastly greater than they are now.

Naive psychology and the inverted Turing test

This paper argues that the Turing test implicitly rests on a ‘naive psychology,’ a naturally evolved psychological faculty which is used to predict and understand the behaviour of others in complex

Turing's Test and Conscious Thought

Creativity, the Turing Test, and the (Better) Lovelace Test

TLDR
A better test is one that insists on a certain restrictive epistemic relation between an artificial agent A, its output o, and the human architect H of A – a relation which obtains when H cannot account for how A produced o.

The Status and Future of the Turing Test

  • J. Moor
  • Psychology
    Minds and Machines
  • 2004
The standard interpretation of the imitation game is defended over the rival gender interpretation though it is noted that Turing himself proposed several variations of his imitation game. The Turing

Intuition Pumps

TLDR
In order to understand Dennett’s conception of how philosophy changes and fares, if his mechanistic and reductionist conception of the life of the mind succeeds, an examination of a central idea in Dennett's thought: the intuition pump is turned to.

Making the Right Identification in the Turing Test1

The test Turing proposed for machine intelligence is usually understood to be a test of whether a computer can fool a human into thinking that the computer is a human. This standard interpretation is

Lessons from a restricted Turing test

TLDR
It is argued that the Loebner prize competition has no clear purpose, that its design prevents any useful outcome, and that such a competition is inappropriate given the current level of technology.

The Quest for the Thinking Computer

TLDR
The first large-scale implementation of the Turing Test was set in motion in 1985, with the first contest taking place in 1991 and showing that although conversational computer programs are still quite primitive, distinguishing a person from a computer when only brief conversations are permitted can be challenging.
...