Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria Type III Presenting as Portal and Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Young Girl.

Abstract

Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired, life-threatening haematological disorder. It is characterised by complement induced haemolytic anaemia, thrombosis and impaired bone marrow function. Thrombosis most commonly occurs in the hepatic, portal, superior mesenteric and cerebral veins. A22-year female, previously diagnosed with severe aplastic anaemia treated with anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) and cyclosporine, had become transfusion independent for more than 10 years. She presented with abdominal pain and vomiting, initially diagnosed with portal and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry revealed a diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria type III. She was treated with vitmamin K anatagonist and platelet transfusion.

Cite this paper

@article{Sarwar2016ParoxysmalNH, title={Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria Type III Presenting as Portal and Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Young Girl.}, author={Shahzad Sarwar and Monazza Chaudhry and Natasha S. Ali}, journal={Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP}, year={2016}, volume={26 11}, pages={106-108} }