Parliamentary Heads of State: Players or Figureheads? The Case of Horst Köhler

@article{Strohmeier2010ParliamentaryHO,
  title={Parliamentary Heads of State: Players or Figureheads? The Case of Horst K{\"o}hler},
  author={Gerd Strohmeier and Ruth Wittlinger},
  journal={West European Politics},
  year={2010},
  volume={33},
  pages={237 - 257}
}
In non-presidential systems the head of state is either a monarch or a president elected directly by the voters or by an assembly. The political powers of heads of state in non-presidential systems vary from being powerful to being just a symbolic figure of representation and integration. In response to the disastrous experience of the Weimar Republic, in the Federal Republic the choice fell on the latter with the result that the political powers of the President were significantly reduced… Expand
1 Citations
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